Miguel Ángel Aguilar: “Sectarian media in Catalonia incite the worst”

Miguel Ángel Aguilar: “Sectarian media in Catalonia incite the worst”

Miguel Ángel Aguilar (Madrid, 1943) was an astronomer, to follow the family tradition, but ended up being one of the most recognized political journalists . From its beginnings in the newspaper Madrid a Cambio 16, Diario 16, Agencia Efe or El País. Today in La Vanguardia, La Ser or La Sexta.

He publishes “En silla de pista” (Planeta), the professional memories of a whole career that began in the Madrid newspaper at the end of the Franco regime and continued with positions as correspondent director or columnist in Cambio 16, Diarios 16, Agencia Efe, El País , until today, when you can see, read and listen in La Sexta, La Vanguardia or La Ser.

Throughout more than four decades of profession he has reported the illness and death of Franco and the Transition , with the premiere of King Juan Carlos I , his trips abroad and the 23rd F. After, the terrorism of ETA until nowadays . “Nothing is the same after having been published as news,” he says.

The title “On the track chair” is because politics is a circus, a show? Journalists often have a position of privileged observers, we are in the front line. As in the circus, the track chair is the one closest to the beasts, to the spectacle.

What is the event you most liked to report? (Reflect) The signing of the Constitution in Congress.

In the book, he uses a serious tone to narrate the last executions of Franco. Was that the worst? Yes, the one of greatest desolation, without a doubt. It still moves me to remember it.

He says they were in the “Prehistory of new technologies”. How would it have been to cover the death of Franco or the coup d’état for a newspaper web edition or with Twitter? We were following the last hours of Franco’s illness outside the El Pardo wall. We did not have a cell phone, we communicated because the Telefonica, very helpful, put a trailer with booths, the conference was paid. There was not that instant access everywhere and we set different guidelines, but the search to know what happened and to interpret the keys has not changed.

I invent the ‘aplausometer’, which I took to the Cortes to see the degree of adhesion of the procurators. Have you thought about taking it to Congress now? I’ve thought about it, but I have not done it yet. I think I will, I will soon.

With Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón or Luis Carandell he awarded the Contemporary Tonto prize. What sentence do you think could fall today? It was a daring because we did not give it to strangers, but to the governor of the Bank of Spain and the Duke of Alba, who tried by all means not to give it to him. But the press did not give news, did not tell, there was a special care that this issue was dangerous. Maybe now there is less audacity in that kind of thing.

Have we gone back? Well, our sensitivity has increased. And that is having consequences in the way we express ourselves.

He perceived the “sense of responsibility” of the politicians of the Transition. And in those now? In that there has been a regression. Many things of the Transition are explained from an attitude of generosity and to put ahead of personal interests those of the country, of the coexistence. Before they moved without asking the question of ‘what do I win’. People went because they thought it had to be.

Do you recognize that attitude in some current politician? Of generosity, of anticipating the interests of the country over their own? Surely yes, we should look (laughs) So suddenly no name comes, but it is possible. Maybe not those who are above, but surely in other steps there are many people who believe in what they do.

He says that in the Transition the press chose between encouraging concord or just the opposite. What role do you play now in Catalonia? They have played an important role and continue to play it. The media that are tied to sectarian independence are constantly inciting the worst, without stopping to think if what they do is true or false. If the lie helps, then lie. You can not understand the wars of the former Yugoslavia without what the Belgrade media did, or the conflict between Hutus and Tutsis [in Rwanda] without paying attention to what the radio of the Thousand Hills did. Beware of the media, which the devil loads.

Should we inform about Vox or not? I would encourage reflection. I put a different case: I had to reflect on how to cover terrorism. On first page in big headlines? Are you trying to make it as unnoticed as possible? The conclusion I reached is that in the best way liberties are defended at every moment.

Limit of 30km / h in Madrid in the streets of a lane in each direction

Limit of 30km / h in Madrid in the streets of a lane in each direction

The new Sustainable Mobility Ordinance of the City Council of Madrid enters into force this Wednesday with measures such as the reduction of speed to 30 kilometers per hour on streets with one lane in each direction or a single lane and the regulation of the use of electric scooters , which will not be able to circulate on sidewalks .

This ordinance, which was approved in plenary in October, replaces the previous one in 2005 and regulates “new forms” of urban mobility, “empowers” public versus private transport and “increases pedestrian protection” , especially at people with reduced mobility.

The new text, as explained by the Consistory, also includes the mobility changes foreseen in Plan A, such as the creation of the Central Madrid Low Emissions Zone and the criteria for access to it, as well as the contents of the action protocol for episodes of contamination by nitrogen dioxide.

Less speed

Specifically, the speed is limited to 30 km / h on single-lane streets by direction or single lane , which account for 85 percent of the total city.

However, in streets that are part of the Basic Transport Network, it can be maintained at 50 km / h. At the same time, on streets with more than one lane in each direction, the speed limit can be lowered to 30 km / h, provided road safety advises it.

In addition, speed is reduced to 20 km / hour in single-platform areas (streets of coexistence). The possibility of declaring ” pedestrian priority zones ” is also created, where the parking of motorcycles on sidewalks will be prohibited .

Who can ride a bicycle on the sidewalks?

The Ordinance incorporates measures to promote bicycle mobility . As a general rule, bicycles must circulate along the roadway – occupying the central part of the lane and permitting the circulation of two cyclists in parallel when there is no risk – and bicycle lanes.

Only children under 12 years old can ride a bicycle on the sidewalks and pedestrian areas , and may be accompanied by an adult on foot . “In any case people over 12 years can travel on sidewalks and pedestrian areas, except on bike pavements in the area marked for this purpose,” says the Consistory.

Where to park if you have a bike or scooter?

It also includes the possibility of turning to the right with a red light whenever it is signposted and circulation in both directions will be allowed in residential streets (those with a speed of 20 km / h or lower) and in the local road network when are “specifically” signed for this purpose.

In addition, the anchorage of bikes, electric scooters and other urban mobility vehicles, fences or other elements of street furniture , except benches and canopies, will be allowed, provided that it does not affect functionality or access to them. In no case, may they be anchored to plant elements.

Motorcycles, mopeds, bicycles and urban mobility vehicles of types A and B ( electric scooters and segways ) will have to park in the reserves destined for these vehicles. If there are not, they can park on the sidewalks provided they leave more than 3 meters of free width . In sidewalks of less than six meters they must do it parallel to the curb. And, if the sidewalk has more than 6 meters, in semibasement or angle next to the curb.

They will also have to keep a minimum distance of two meters from the tactile pavements , and respect the pedestrian spaces next to bus or taxi stops, BiciMAD stations and other reservations.

And the scooters without motor?

Skates and scooters without motor, including skateboards , may circulate on sidewalks and other pedestrian areas at a speed adapted to the pace of people, not exceeding 5 kilometers per hour ; by bike pavements and cycle paths, at a speed not exceeding 10 kilometers per hour; by bike lanes and cycle lanes exclusive for the circulation of bicycles and bike lanes protected or not (in the latter case only older than 16 years or younger accompanied, with helmet and reflective elements).

They can also circulate in parks, for those itineraries in which the circulation of bicycles is allowed, and since these paths are shared with the pedestrian, the speed is limited to 5 km / h. In any case, pedestrians will “always” have priority.

What will happen to the bikes?

Motorcycles and mopeds will not be able to park on the sidewalk when there is a parking belt. This norm will be applied with “immediate” character in Central Madrid, in which throughout the summer the parking lot reservations for motorcycles and mopeds have been “doubled”.

This measure will be progressively extended to the rest of the districts by approval of the Governing Board after the analysis of the parking possibilities for these vehicles and, where appropriate, when parking reservations are enabled.

In addition, the obligation is created to leave 5 meters of free space both on the sidewalk and on the road next to the pedestrian crossings that are enabled or reformed, followed by motorcycle reservations on the road, given that they represent a “lesser visual barrier” than cars and, therefore, greater safety for pedestrians.

People with reduced mobility will have priority to access the reservation of parking spaces for public use (rotary) of municipal ownership, as well as access to the municipal parking of residents managed both by assignment of use, as a medium and long-term subscription .

A new concept: the neighborhood car parks

The ordinance establishes the new figure of Neighborhood Parking Areas ( ZAV ) applicable in neighborhoods with border effect or high intensity of parking, under neighborhood demand and without parking rate or limit for residents .

The creation and delimitation of the ZAV will be carried out at the request of the plenary session of the district in which it is located and, after the studies and timely reports, it may be raised by the Governing Board for approval by the Plenary Session of the Madrid City Council.

On the other hand, within the SER the possibility of creation of Differentiated Areas is foreseen, spaces that due to their characteristics make it advisable to allow parking for a longer time than the general one and require a differentiated regulation. This type of areas can be created in areas of low occupancy near exchangers or public transport stations, as well as in environments close to large health facilities.

In addition, hospitals and other health centers may also request the creation and regulation of parking in health and long-stay areas , thus allowing patients and people accompanying them to park at longer periods and, where appropriate, at different cost to the general BE.

It also establishes that urban mobility vehicles will be able to circulate along cycle paths, cycle lanes, cycle tracks, through the roadway of integrated streets within zones 30, -respecting the priority of the pedestrian- and through the streets where in all its lanes the maximum speed of circulation is equal to or less than 30Km / h as long as the width of the vehicle allows it in safety conditions.

The minimum age allowed to travel with the VMUs will be 15 years. Children under this age may use them in areas closed to traffic when accompanied and under the responsibility of their parents or guardians. Children under 16 years old vehicle users A and B must wear a helmet .

Regarding bicycles that transport people , the maximum number allowed will be five. From that figure on, they will need express municipal authorization.

The woman deceased in a fire that caused her partner had returned with him after a conviction for sexist violence

The woman deceased in a fire that caused her partner had returned with him after a conviction for sexist violence

Yolanda Jaén, 50, who died Tuesday at the Miguel Servet hospital in Zaragoza as a result of the serious injuries suffered in a fire allegedly caused by her partner , had previously denounced the man, who had even had a restraining order and who came to serve a sentence, to whose end they lived again.

This has been confirmed by the Minister of Citizen and Institutional Relations, Ana Ollo, in a concentration of condemnation of the death of Yolanda Jaén Gómez, allegedly at the hands of his partner who is in custody and is charged for the crimes of fire and homicide or attempted murder .

There, both she and the mayor of Pamplona, ​​Joseba Asiron, have advanced that they will appear as a popular accusation in the cause opened by this death since everything points to a “case of macho violence”.

As for the victim, the counselor has specified that she had not been attended to in the services and resources available to the Government of Navarre for victims of gender violence; it was later when they learned of the existence of the previous denunciations and of the sentence, already fulfilled, of the man who is now in provisional detention.

“There will probably have to be a review of the laws from the normative point of view, of the legal corpus surrounding these victims, because reality shows that these facts tend to be repeated , that once a procedure is initiated it is very likely that it is repeated again, “he indicated.

In this line has remarked that within the State Pact of Violence against Women, a request that has always made Navarra is to ” change the law to include victims, not only couples and ex-partners , but to include all types of violence, not only physics, like the one in this case, which is the most cruel “.

“We must change the state law because reality is surpassing us by many circumstances,” he said, after what has announced that probably next week will adopt the agreement to appear as popular action.

Institutions and citizens condemn crime

Representatives of the main institutions of Navarra and citizens have concentrated this afternoon in silence in the town hall of Pamplona to condemn the death of women.

The City Council of Pamplona has convened a silent rally, which has lasted for about five minutes, followed by prolonged applause. Parliament will also keep a minute of silence before the plenary session tomorrow.

The mayor of Pamplona, ​​Joseba Asiron, from the “prudence” since it has decreed the secrecy of summary, has shown the “deepest rejection” for what happened and has been convinced that “this death is deeply rooted, is structural within society and you have to fight against it. “

“We are more convinced than ever that we must persevere in this strategy, continue to work hand in hand with the feminist movement,” he said, after what he said he was sure that Pamplona, ​​as a citizen who decided at the time to take the lead of the fight against the sexist aggressions, also now will massively support the mobilizations.

The mysterious disappearance of the socks in the washing machine has an explanation … scientific!

The mysterious disappearance of the socks in the washing machine has an explanation … scientific!

Who has not happened? Pants, shirts, shirts, interiors … You’ve done the laundry, but when you get ready to take it out, there ‘s everything but a sock , which does not match your pair.

Indeed, it is already a constant in our lives that this garment is lost every time it is washed and science has clarified why.

According to a study, there is a mathematical formula to predict the probability that it disappears that has nothing to do with mechanical errors of the device (in fact, there is the possibility that a washing machine swallows the odd sock, but not at the same pace as the mysterious and constant disappearance of these garments).

Thus, according to this study by Samsung , the British lose an average of 1.3 socks per month, or 15 per year. That made a total of 84 million socks abandoned each month in the United Kingdom .

 

The main factors of the loss of the socks are several, such as the complexity of the load , the way in which the lots are divided and the amount of socks that are introduced.

But, in addition, the disappearance of the socks is the result of a cognitive bias – “things that give the illusion that they occur, but in reality they do not happen”, in the words of the study-.

Similarly, there are psychological cues that contribute to losing socks in the wash.

One of them is the diffusion of responsibility . “These are things that give the illusion that they happen, but they do not really happen.” As an example, we find a correlation between the disappearances of socks and the size of a family. The more people there are in the home, the greater the diffusion of Someone in charge of turning on the washing machine will wait for someone else to download it correctly, so if they notice that a sock is missing, they can assume that another member of the family will find it, “explains the study.

Another is visual awareness . “People tend to look only at the most obvious places before they give in. The best way to find a sock would be to deliver things systematically, but we do not do it We are weak Instead of looking behind radiators or under beds , we accept the remaining sock as a singular entity, we experience a brief process of affliction and we continue with our lives “.

Seeing the domestic task of washing clothes as a pleasant activity or not as a duty is another key. “People who had a positive attitude about the whole process, who liked to do it, actually had less lost socks, they just paid more attention to the details,” the study says.

The Supreme Court postpones to November 5 the decision on whether the bank or clients should pay the mortgage tax

The Supreme Court postpones to November 5 the decision on whether the bank or clients should pay the mortgage tax

The president of the Contentious-Administrative Chamber of the Supreme Court, Luis María Díez Picazo, has convened the plenary session on November 5, which will decide whether to confirm the doctrine that attributes to the bank the payment of the tax on legal acts documented in a mortgage.

This has been agreed by the representative of the room after the meeting convened on Monday by the president of the institution, Carlos Lesmes, with the six judges who adopted that decision. In its ruling, issued last Thursday, the third section of the Contentious-Administrative Chamber determined that it was the bank, and not its clients, who had to take charge of the payment of the lien in the signing of a mortgage, a ruling that contradicted one previous, of February of this year .

The president of the Supreme Court, Carlos Lesmes , in the note issued by the court, assures that the judgment of October 19 “is firm and not subject to review by the Plenary of the Third Chamber, producing full effects in relation to the parties in litigation and regarding the annulment of Article 68, of the Regulation of the Tax on Documented Legal Acts “. But at the same time, he says that judgments in the opposite direction are not subject to any revision either. “

“The judges integrated in the second section of the Third Chamber of this Supreme Court and the president of said section have acted at all times in relation to these matters with full loyalty to the High Court, as well as with independence, professionalism and technical competence in the interpretation and application of the law, and with scrupulous respect for the procedural rules applicable to this case “, defends Lesmes.

“The call to the Plenary of the Chamber of pending and unresolved issues on this matter by the President of the Chamber is part of its legal powers when it deems necessary for the Administration of Justice, without prejudice to the powers of the Plenary to resolve what in Law proceed “, ditch.

Who should take care of the tax?

Lesmes had met on this day with the magistrates who dictated the sentence that established that the bank should be responsible for paying the tax. An internal meeting that has only served to analyze the situation created after the aforementioned ruling.

Last Thursday the 18th, the Supreme Court decided that it is the financial institution, and not the client, that takes charge of the tax of documented legal acts , against its own criterion of February of this year, when a judgment estimated that the payment It should lie with the client. Given the avalanche of criticism and the collapse of the price of the banks, the next day, on Friday, the high court announced that it paralyzed with urgency all the raised resources.

In a note, the president of the Third Chamber of the Supreme Court, Luis María Díez-Picazo, explained that this decision was based on the “radical turn” in the jurisprudence and in the “enormous economic and social repercussion” of the judgment attributed by the payment of said tax to the entities, as they are those interested in the operation.

If applied, the judgment allows the mortgaged to claim all the expenses of formalizing a mortgage that are imposed by the bank in the loan deed: notary, property registry, agency, appraisal and tax of documented legal acts.

Assemblies of banking users

On the other hand, this Monday Adicae, the Association of Users of Banks, Savings Banks and Insurance, has convened assemblies, at 6.30 pm, in more than thirty cities of all the autonomous communities to inform and organize the mortgaged consumers affected by the abuse of the so-called “mortgage expenses”.

Adicae has made “a global appeal” to all consumers to answer a banking sector “determined to apply abuse as a norm of operation and to threaten and pressure governments, institutions and citizens when they are required to comply with the legislation in force.” vigor”.

It also aims to clarify to the consumers the judicial and mortgage situation after the truce to the bank announced by the Supreme Court, which has taken time to study whether it consolidates the recent change of the rules and if it obliges in a generalized way the entities to load with the IAJD.

The Association of Users calls the actions of the High Court “swings” and “incomprehensible position” , while clarifying in a note that the ruling issued by the Supreme Court on the IAJD “has not been revoked, annulled or suspended.”

Alert in the US for a suspicious envelope addressed to Trump and a package with ricina reached the Pentagon

Alert in the US for a suspicious envelope addressed to Trump and a package with ricina reached the Pentagon

The Secret Service of the United States said Tuesday that it has intercepted a “suspicious envelope” addressed to president Donald Trump , and is investigating the incident, shortly after the Pentagon report in turn that he had detected in the vicinity one package that contained ricin poison.

The Secret Service, charged with ensuring the safety of the US president and his family, said in a statement Monday that he detected “a suspicious envelope addressed to the president.” “The envelope was not received in the White House, nor never entered the White House,” the agency said.

“We can confirm that we are working together with our partners in the security agencies to thoroughly investigate this matter, and that all threats addressed to the president or any person protected by the Secret Service are taken seriously and investigated thoroughly,” the note adds. .

The Secret Service did not give details about the possible content of the envelope or its origin, but the information arrived the same day the Pentagon revealed that it had found a suspicious package sent to the Pentagon that, according to preliminary analyzes, contained ricin poison.

That package did not enter at any time in the headquarters of the Defense portfolio but was located on Monday in one of its surrounding buildings by agents of the Pentagon’s security forces, said a spokesman for the Department, Colonel Robert Manning, it’s a statement.

As reported by CNN, the package would contain two envelopes, addressed to the Secretary of Defense, James Mattis, and the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral John Richardson.

“All mail received yesterday at the Pentagon control building is under observation, the facility is in quarantine and Pentagon personnel are not considered to be in danger,” Manning said. The package was turned over to the FBI for additional analysis.

On the other hand, a team responsible for hazardous materials also went to the campaign office of Texas Senator Ted Cruz, after a letter containing white powder was received. Houston firefighters moved two people who had been exposed to the substance to the hospital.

Castor beans contain the toxic protein known as ricin, which is highly poisonous and was used in the past by the terrorist group Al Qaeda with the aim of committing biological attacks. Also Shannon Rogers Guess, actress of The Walking Dead, was imputed in 2013 after confessing that he had sent ricin letters to Barack Obama and the former mayor of New York.

The PP and Cs are opposed to eliminate the crimes of insults to the King and against religious feelings

The PP and Cs are opposed to eliminate the crimes of insults to the King and against religious feelings

The PP and Citizens have shown this Tuesday against the parliamentary procedure of a proposal of Unidos Podemos to modify the Criminal Code in order to protect freedom of expression by eliminating crimes “that come from the dictatorship” such as insults to the Crown or the mockery against the religious feelings that are at the origin of sentences to tweeters, rappers or the prosecution of actor Guillermo Toledo .

Despite the refusal of these two parties, the Congress will vote in favor of a proposal that counts for its processing with the support of the PSOE, ERC, PNV, Compromís or PdeCAT and that this Tuesday has provoked a debate on the freedom of expression in which they have fitted from denunciations of the ” democratic involution ” in Spain, to slogans in favor of the “prisoners and exiles” and accusations to Podemos of wanting to give “open bar” to the impunity of those who attack the freedom of expression of others.

The deputy of the PP Leopoldo Barrera has announced the negative vote of his group “because we do not share the title”. “It is not to protect freedom of expression, but a free bar of impunity for those who attack the freedom of expression of others , symbols and institutions, impunity in social networks, trivialize hate crimes, offend the beliefs of Catholics and impunity to denounce the police if it bothers the friends of Podemos, “he said.

The tweeter Cassandra Ver a, sentenced to one year by the National Court for making a joke about Carrero Blanco; the singer of Def with Two, César Strawberry , sentenced to a year and a half for the uplifting of terrorism; the rapper Valtonyc , fled in Belgium to avoid a penalty of three years and a half of jail for the crimes of exaltation and insults to the Crown are some of the artists or simple citizens cited on Tuesday in Congress.

The leader of IU, Alberto Garzón , has affirmed that Spain lives “a moment of very serious democratic involution “, in which “the fundamental right to the freedom of expression is violated” by means of a Penal Code that maintains crimes that for United We can “come from the dictatorship”.

As he said, these crimes are “anachronistic” and have caused in recent times situations “absurd” and “grotesque cases” in which “kids or girls to make mentions to Carrero Blanco or jokes about cartoons of ‘Goku lives, the Fight continues ‘they have been processed’. “That a person in his house write a foolishness for his ignorance should be out of the crime , ignorance, ignorance and even stupidity should not be punished, ” said Garzon.

Crown and religious feelings

On behalf of Unidos Podemos, Garzón has proposed that Congress process a reform of the Criminal Code to eliminate some crimes and specify others and has called attention to the ” conservative reactionary climate that is being installed in our country ” and that makes In recent years certain judges have now frequently resorted to crimes that, existing, had hardly been charged in the past.

“Why is it easier today to be punished for criticizing the image of Christ than 15 years ago? What is happening, what climate are we creating so that conservative judges before and now before would see it inconvenient and now convenient?”, He asked Waiter.

The proposition of the law of Unidos Podemos that is expected to be approved this Tuesday seeks to eliminate from the Penal Code the crime “against religious feelings or public derision”, considering that “mockery, satire or any other type of opinion on religious confessions is protected by freedom of expression “. In any case, this group considers that the offenses that could be a crime should be due to the article of the Penal Code that refers to the direct incitement to violence.

The deputy of the PNV Mikel Legarza has affirmed that “the protection of religious ideas does not include the criticisms of those who do not share it,” while Barreda, of the PP, has accused Unidos Podemos of allowing attacks against Catholics, because ” never we have seen them in the mosque . “

Unidos Podemos also proposes to suppress crimes against the Crown , which it considers “a real attack against the freedom of expression”, as well as to stop considering crime ” offenses or outrages of words, written or de facto to Spain, its autonomous communities or its symbols and emblems “that also appears in the Penal Code today and that, according to this party,” represses the criticism against the symbols of our country, the flag and the national anthem “.

Ignacio Prendes , deputy of Citizens, who will vote against processing the reform, has reproached them for not wanting to defend “common symbols and common institutions,” something that is included in the Criminal Code of “all democratic countries.” There are crimes “outrage the country, the head of state and nobody is shocked by it, because defending common signs is to uphold the values ​​and principles that we have given, ” said Prendes.

The fourth article that wants to eliminate United We can of the Penal Code is the one of insults to the Government of the Nation and institutions like the Supreme Court and the Constitutional one and the bodies and forces of security.

Hate and terrorism

In addition, it proposes to modify to specify the offense of glorification of terrorism , which have increased since 2011, when ETA stopped killing, and establish exactly what is a hate crime, something that has caused some of the most furious criticisms of the PP and Citizens, who, compared to the rest, have been placed next to the victims of terrorism.

It hurts me to try to suppress the crime of exaltation because [ETA] has gone down in history, it has not gone down in history,” said Prendes, who recalled the “sacrifice of the thousands of Spaniards” killed by the terrorist group. and that there are still 314 unsolved murders.

“You with those who infringe the rights and those who cheer them and we always with the victims , Mr. Garzón,” said Barreda.

The PSOE will amend

Like other groups, the PSOE that has supported that now the Congress legislates to turn this proposal into law have announced that, nevertheless, they will amend the original text to take into account “the limits” of the freedom of expression that, from an angle u another, all groups have defended this Tuesday.

In this sense, the Socialist spokesperson, Adriana Lastra , pointed out hours before the proposal of Podemos is related to freedom of expression and that it does not have as its sole objective to eliminate the crime of insulting the King or against religious feelings. Already in the parliamentary debate, PSOE deputy Gregorio Villar has said that ” we will examine with all the rigor that is due and formulate amendments according to criteria of necessity, adequacy, legal security and proportionality.”

Prisoners and ‘exiles’ Catalans

For its part, the debate on the freedom of expression of this Tuesday in Congress has allowed Catalan groups to include in the same group the tweeter Cassandra, the kidnapping of the Fariña book and the situation of the prisoners and “exiles” .

Carolia Telechea , of ERC, recalled that ” prisoners and exiles suffer repression by the State to defend a certain political ideology”, while on the part of the PdeCAT Lourdes Ciuró has denounced that in Spain ” Jordis is imprisoned because they say that They acted illegally for having peacefully defended the independence of the Catalans. “

18% of the beneficiaries of the food banks in Spain are precarious workers

18% of the beneficiaries of the food banks in Spain are precarious workers

90.2% of people who receive aid from the European Food Program suffer extreme poverty, despite the fact that among the beneficiaries there is 18% who have a job and one in three has been receiving aid for more than three years.

Red Cross and the Spanish Federation of Food Banks (Fesbal), the two entities in charge of distributing the European Aid Fund for the most disadvantaged people -more than 1.4 million in Spain-, have carried out a survey study with 27,443 beneficiaries , 2,320 distribution organizations, 875 consumption organizations and 4,000 volunteers.

Poverty has been chronicled in one in three people, who have been in the food program for 3 to 5 years due to the lack of material they suffer, and stresses that even people who are working have an income level that does not allow them to leave of poverty.

According to the study, 13% live with income below 100 euros and 60%, with less than 500 euros .

The program allowed in 2017 to support more than 1,440,000 people in Spain, by delivering 87,305,105 kilos / liters of staple foods, little perishable and easy to transport and storage.

The number of beneficiaries has been reduced compared to 2016 by 17% – when they were 1,517,525 – and there is 35% less than in 2014 when the FEAD program (2014-2020) was launched, which had 2.2 million.

There are people who have come out of extreme poverty , but those who remain are in an even more precarious situation,” explained Francisco Greciano, who is responsible for the program at the Federation of Food Banks.

The most vulnerable profiles are the short-term unemployed (more than two years), the elderly, the child population (in 3 of every 4 households there are children) and foreigners.

Minimum income

The study shows the low level of social coverage: only four out of ten people receive minimum income. 52 percent of the beneficiaries are unemployed and half of them are more than two years old.

Seven of each beneficiaries are women, in 80% of the cases they live in households with children and in 15% they head exclusively those households.

“Poverty hinders the departure of women who also suffer gender violence, who have children and who receive scant assistance as victims” of male mistreatment , explained María Jesús Gil Meneses, of the Red Cross.

Users value this program: 96% would recommend it, but they also suggest that there be more frequent distribution , that more products are included (fresh, cleaning and hygiene) and that there is less bureaucracy in the processing of aid.

“A recovery is taking place, but it translates into the groups we serve, we see a small group that recovers because of the labor insertion because nobody will leave if they do not have a source of income”, but also “a significant percentage of workers who continue needing help to reach the end of the month, “said the president of the Red Cross, Javier Senent.

For his part, the president of the Spanish Fund for Agricultural Guarantee (FEGA), Miguel Angel Riesgo, recalled that the European program began 30 years ago to distribute surplus agricultural products and put them in the hands of vulnerable people and stressed that Spain it is the second country with the highest percentage of funds spent.

From the Federation of Food Banks, its president, Juan Vicente Peral, has highlighted the fact that “the vast majority of those served by the program live in extreme poverty and many of the people are long-term unemployed with the risk that his situation is chronicled. “

“Although the beneficiaries have been reduced, the amounts distributed since the program was launched in 2014 have almost doubled ,” he concluded.

Dr. Eduardo Vela resorts to the sentence of the stolen babies that acquits him to clean his honor

Dr. Eduardo Vela resorts to the sentence of the stolen babies that acquits him to clean his honor

Dr. Eduardo Vela, 85, has appealed to the Supreme Court the sentence that considers him responsible “incontestably” to steal a newborn in 1969 but at the same time acquits him for having prescribed the crimes, “for containing pronouncements that are harmful to him. “

In the letter, the defense of Dr. Vela recalls that although the decision of the Provincial Court of Madrid is acquittal, the court has found him guilty of the theft of Inés Madrigal as recorded in the account of proven facts.

In this way, the doctor advances in his writ the filing of an appeal of cassation before the Sala II of the Supreme Court against the proven facts and the grounds of law that declares him guilty of the crimes of illegal detention, presumption of childbirth committed by a doctor and falsehood in official document.

The circumstance arises that Vela’s appeal is added to that of Inés Madrigal and the Prosecutor’s Office , something that the accusations did not expect, as long as the doctor was acquitted, although they framed his appeal in the need to clear his name and honor. the responsibility attributed to him by the proven facts in the theft of the newborn, according to legal sources.

The lawyer argues that the gynecologist “is entitled” to appeal the cassation “despite having been acquitted by prescription” and “to contain the ruling pronouncements that are harmful.”

Waiting to know the arguments that the appeal will contain, justifies its presentation in a “violation of constitutional precept for violation of the right to the presumption of innocence” and in a “violation of Law” of Article 849 of the Criminal Procedure Law by understand that the Chamber “there has been an error in the assessment of the evidence”.

It refers to aspects of the complaint, the literal birth certificate of Inés Madrigal , the declaration of her adoptive mother Inés Pérez, the declaration of Eduardo Vela himself, the office of the National Institute of Toxicology and Forensic Sciences, the statements of six witnesses and the record of the oral trial.

The announcement of Vela’s appeal is dated on October 19, one day after the deadline to submit it began due to the fact that he had alleged health problems before the Audiencia de Madrid to avoid being notified of the sentence – which was made public on October 8 – which caused delays in the cause.

Until last Thursday, the lawyer of the administration of Justice of the Seventh Section of the Provincial Court informed Dr. Vela that it was taken as notified through his attorney, since he did not grant him the request to send the contents of the sentence to your home for health problems.

The magistrates consider Vela the author of the three crimes “incontestably” when in 1969 he gave the marriage formed by Inés Pérez and Pablo Madrigal ” a girl a few days old outside the legal channels, simulating the existence of a birth that it had not been produced and establishing a fallacious affiliation. “

Although it is proven that the doctor certified with his own hand that Inés Pérez gave birth in his presence on June 4, 1969 to a girl, which never took place, that girl was delivered without consent to that marriage and that Thanks to these maneuvers the newborn could be registered in the Civil Registry as their biological daughter, the judges acquit her for prescribing the crimes.

  • Eduardo Vela acquitted for the case of ‘stolen babies’

The voter of Podemos gives more support to the Budgets than the PSOE

The voter of Podemos gives more support to the Budgets than the PSOE

The current political situation forces the Government , far from the absolute majority, to negotiate openly the General Budgets of the State . The PSOE already has the support of Unidos Podemos, and now seeks the votes of the nationalist and pro-independence formations to carry out the accounts.

In this context, there is a clear division of opinions among Spaniards on the draft accounts presented by the left. 46% believe that, overall, it is good for Spain compared to 38% who think it is bad. It is the main conclusion of the Metroscopy survey for Henneo of the month of October. It is striking, yes, that the voter of Podemos gives more support to the accounts (82%) than the PSOE (76%).

One of the measures described as the star of these PGE is the rise in the minimum wage to 900 euros . Well, it is the least viable according to respondents: 63% . And this is the case – and here comes the ideological component – because only 53% of the voters of Citizens and only one of every three voters of the PP (36%) think that it is economically possible to carry it out at the moment.

Another point that is dealt with in the survey is the urgency of the measures. The increase in investment for the care of dependents, the contribution of the self-employed based on their real income and the re-establishment of the subsidy for those over 52 years of age, are measures perceived in a transversal manner as urgent by the voters of all political parties of the system.

Dependence and self-employed, more urgent measures

91% of Spaniards consider it urgent to expand the investment in dependence, a figure that ranges from 86% of the voters of Citizens and 97% of those of Unidos Podemos. The voters of the PP (87%) would approach those of Citizens and those of the PSOE (96%) to those of the formation in residence.

A similar unanimity is also reached for the contribution of the self-employed according to their real income . This measure is urgently believed by 92% of United Podemos voters, 91% of PSOE voters, 85% among Citizens and 80% of popular voters. More ideological component is shown in the regulation of rental prices. They request speed at the time of implanting this measure 91% of the voters of United We can and 90% of those of the PSOE, against 59% of those of Citizens and 58% of the popular ones. A difference of thirty points.

On the other side are those that are considered less urgent. That maternity and paternity leave are equal and non-transferable is, among all the main measures on which opinion has been asked in this survey, the one perceived with less degree of urgency : 59% of Spaniards consider it as such.

And the viability?

On the one hand there is the need for certain measures to be applied and another for them to be viable. If the rise in the minimum wage is the most complicated step for Spaniards, if it is economically feasible to equalize and transfer the maternal and paternal leave. Of course, it is the only measure that being viable is not considered urgent . That is, among the voters of the four main parties, those who consider it economically viable outweigh those who think it is urgent.

The most economically viable measure of those subject to evaluation in this survey is that which affects the self-employed and their contribution based on the real income they obtain. This is the opinion of eight out of ten Spaniards (79%) who include the vast majority of voters in the four main parties: 89% of those of Unidos Podemos, 83% of those of the PSOE, 82% of those of Citizens and, to a lesser extent, 68% of the PP .