The European Parliament prohibits some single-use plastics for the year 2021

The European Parliament prohibits some single-use plastics for the year 2021

The European Parliament (EP) has shown its support for a package of measures aimed at reducing pollution in the oceans . The measure includes the prohibition of single- use plastics such as ear swabs, straws and plastic cutlery for the year 2021.

The European Parliament closed the plenary with 571 votes in favor, 53 against and 34 abstentions . Now the environment ministers of the EU states must agree on a common position to start negotiations between Council, Parliament and Commission to obtain a new EU regulation, which is expected to be processed by May 2019.

The legislative proposal of the Community Executive was inspired by the “success” of the European directive that requires shops to charge at least 5 cents for plastic bags in shops and responds to the plastic, subjected to a slow process of decomposition , it accumulates in seas, oceans and beaches and is ingested by turtles, seals, whales, birds, fish and shellfish, so that it ends up in the food chain.

MEPs respected in essence the initial proposal of the European Commission, which last May advocated the elimination of single-use plastic materials in everyday objects for which there are sustainable alternatives because they represent 70% of the marine garbage that pollutes European coasts .

Other products

But Parliament wants to go further than the Commission and suggests that oxo-degradable plastic products and expanded polystyrene fast food containers also disappear from the market.

The consumption of certain products that are polluting, but for which there is no alternative , will have to be reduced by at least 25% by 2025 , a category that includes single-use containers for hamburgers, sandwiches, fruits, vegetables, desserts and ice cream. In addition, the EU Member States will have to design national plans to encourage the use of products that can be reused or recycled.

Other plastics, such as bottles for beverages, must be collected separately and their recycling percentage will have to reach 90% by 2025, as proposed by the Commission.

The European Parliament also calls for “specific measures” for cigarette filters whose waste should be reduced by 50% by 2025 and by 80% by 2030 as a cigarette butt can contaminate between 500 and 1,000 liters of water and, abandoned in a ditch, can take up to twelve years to disintegrate, according to the EP.

The 28 countries that make up the European Union must also ensure that at least half of the fishing gear that contains lost or abandoned plastic is recovered, with a recycling percentage of at least 15% by 2025, according to the position approved by the Eurochamber.

Neither the European Commission nor the European Parliament contemplates a new tax on plastic , an initiative that is part of the public debate in Brussels on these polluting materials but which, for now, has not been translated into a legislative proposal.

Ecological organizations

“The European Parliament has made history betting to reduce the plastic products of a single use and limit its pollution in our seas and oceans,” said Alodia Pérez, responsible for natural resources and waste of Friends of the Earth.

They applaud that, in this new proposal, they have opted “for a more agreed and unambiguous definition of disposable plastics,” they said in a statement issued on Wednesday.

However, despite the progress made, the environmental organizations regret that the new document does not contemplate the elimination of very light plastic bags , which had been previously included in the proposal of the Committee of the Environment of the European Parliament.

Greenpeace, which shares the same position as Friends of the Earth, adds that some of the main polluters of plastics, such as Coca-Cola, Nestle, PepsiCo or Danone, “are putting pressure on environmental ministries of member countries to weaken the Directive”.

Volkswagen, condemned to pay 47 million to its shareholders for taking time to inform them of the dieselgate scandal

Volkswagen, condemned to pay 47 million to its shareholders for taking time to inform them of the dieselgate scandal

The Provincial Court of Stuttgart (Germany) has condemned on Wednesday the Volkswagen automobile group , parent of Porsche , to pay 47 million euros in compensation for not adequately informing the shareholders of the scandal on the handling of emissions of polluting gases .

The court, in the first ruling of this type in Germany, said that Porsche “must compensate the complainant shareholders for the violation of the reporting obligations of the capital markets regulations in relation” to the scandal of the fraud of emissions, according to a statement from the audience.

The ruling provides compensation of more than 44 million euros for a group of shareholders represented by the lawyer Josef Broich, and 3.2 million euros for the pension fund of the British city of Wolverhampton, which had legal defense from the firm Nieding + Barth. Porsche has already rejected the ruling, considering it unjustified, and announced that it will file an appeal.

The judgment, which is not firm, argues that the Volkswagen group informed its shareholders too late – and therefore deficiently – about the evolution of the scandal and its consequences. The court limits the compensation between May 23, 2014 (when it considers that the company could have already communicated the issue) and September 22, 2015, when the scandal was uncovered following an investigation by the United States authorities.

Judge Fabian Reuschle, in charge of the two civil proceedings on this same matter that were ruled in today’s 22nd floor of this hearing, affirmed that at least the then president of Europe’s largest vehicle manufacturer, Martin Winterkorn , failed to comply “seriously” with its obligations.

In September 2015 it was revealed that the Volkswagen group had included some illegal systems in some 10 million vehicles worldwide to make it appear that their engines were complying with emission limits, a scandal that cost Winterkorn the presidency and triggered dozens of processes legal against the company.

The Supreme Court paralyzes the sentence that forces banks to pay the costs of mortgages

The Supreme Court paralyzes the sentence that forces banks to pay the costs of mortgages

The Supreme Court will review if it continues to apply its criterion, known on Thursday, to endorse the payment by the bank of the tax of documented legal acts linked to a mortgage , for which it has agreed to paralyze with urgency all the resources raised in this regard.

In an information note from the president of the third chamber of the high court, Luis María Díez-Picazo, this decision has been adopted taking into account the “radical turn” in the jurisprudence and the “enormous economic and social impact” of a ruling that attributed this tax to the entities for being those interested in the operation.

As reported by legal sources, the stoppage does not imply the suspension of the recent doctrine, which will continue to be in force until the plenary, composed of 31 judges , meets. From this meeting, scheduled for the next few days, the future resolution of the rest of the appeals will depend.

In its recent ruling, the magistrates of the Contentious-Administrative Chamber agreed to attribute the payment of the tax to the banks and not to the client, since they are those interested in having the executive and privileged action derived from the mortgage.

In this way it modified its previous jurisprudence, according to which it was the user or consumer who had to face this tax, which for an average mortgage of 150,000 euros would entail an amount close to 1,500 euros.

However, the change did not have the unanimity of the room to have the private vote of the magistrate Dimitry Berberoff.

Although it is still unknown if the ruling is applied with full retroactive effect since the Royal Decree implementing the documented legal acts came into force, in 1995, the new mortgage rules could have a big impact for banks , which only in July 2014 and the same month of this year they participated in about 1.5 million mortgage loans for the purchase of all types of farms.

The amount of these operations was around 190,000 million euros, so that given that the levy is between 0.5% and 1.5% of the total granted, financial institutions may have to disburse around 1,900 million euros.

Although the tax also applies to homes acquired by purchase, the judgment of the Supreme Court only refers to documented legal acts linked to mortgage loans .

From poverty to the most exclusive luxury: the expensive collections of Cristiano Ronaldo

From poverty to the most exclusive luxury: the expensive collections of Cristiano Ronaldo

Cristiano Ronaldo did not leave anyone indifferent on Monday at the press conference before the clash of Champions between his Juventus and Manchester United. And it was not only because of his statements, but also because of an object that he wore on his left wrist that monopolized glances and flashes: a diamond watch valued at two million euros.

The Portuguese is accustomed to a luxurious life sometimes ostentatious, the result of the many millions of euros that generates a year for his fame. Between the salary he perceives and his power as a brand image, Cristiano Ronaldo can afford whatever he wants , and he does so.

The forward, ” handsome, rich and good player “, as he defined himself a few years ago, grew up in an environment of absolute poverty and now leads a very different life.

From watches of 2 million euros, to a collection of luxury cars that, until last summer, accumulated in his mansion of La Finca, valued at about 5 million euros.

The assassin of Pioz, according to the Civil Guard: “narcissist, lonely and with irrepressible desire to kill”

The assassin of Pioz, according to the Civil Guard: “narcissist, lonely and with irrepressible desire to kill”

Patrick Nogueira Gouveia , the confessed author of the deaths of his uncles and their two children , two children aged 4 and 1, in the town of Pioz (Guadalajara), is a young “narcissist” and “lonely”, who He drank and smoked a lot and he acted guided by an “unstoppable desire to kill”.

The lieutenant colonel chief of the Civil Guard in Guadalajara, Pascual Segura , and the head of the Group of Crimes against the People of the UCO, the commander Juan Jesus Reina, have offered these data in a press conference in which they have explained the resolution of the crime.

The Civil Guard closed the case and it is clear that the only author of the quadruple murder is Patrick and, although he can not specify the motive for the crime, he doubts that it was a sentimental matter.

After surrendering and traveling to Spain last Wednesday, Patrick acknowledged at the Adolfo Suárez-Madrid Barajas airport police station that he was the author of the savage crime. “He says he is not crazy,” the Civil Guard assured in a press conference in Madrid, which also pointed out the reason for this: “He does not want to show his family the virulence and monstrosity of what he has done” .

He does not want to show his family the virulence and monstrosity of what he has done. The Civil Guard has explained that the confessed author of this crime claims to have “gaps” especially in relation to the death of the children of the marriage. For this reason, they still do not have clear the mobile phone although they point out that the trigger could be “some animosity” towards his uncle Marcos , the last victim and with whom he struggled, for leaving a “small debt” with the landlord in the apartment. who lived in Madrid.

The agents of the Armed Institute are not clear that there was a relationship with Janaina, his uncle’s wife and the person who opened the door of the cottage and, later, was the first victim. “It’s not relevant, that’s not the reason why Patrick murdered the family,” they insisted. “That’s only in Patrick’s mind,” they have pointed out.

Sequence of events

In the absence of some “fringes”, researchers have already fitted all the puzzle pieces on the day of the events, which took place on August 17.

Like every day, Patrick, a very athletic young man, went to the gym in Alcalá de Henares (Madrid) in the morning. Later, he got on a bus around 13.00 to go to Pioz, but not before buying some pizzas and with the intention of offering the family part of them.

As he told the investigators in the only statement made by the Civil Guard, specifically in the facilities of the body in Barajas after arriving from Brazil and surrender voluntarily, already on the bus was aware of their irrepressible desire to kill.

In fact, he had bought garbage bags, insulating tape and a razor.

At around 4:00 pm and after looking at the map that exists at the entrance of the development (Patrick knew the street and number of the house because the victims had given him), he rang the bell and his aunt, Janaina Santos, went out to meet him . Both entered the kitchen, where the supposed murderer nailed him the knife.

Children

He allegedly killed the children later, but in his statement, in which he recognizes certain gaps, he has assured that he does not remember how the children’s lives ended and how he cleaned the house.

The gaps he says have prevented him from telling how he chopped up the bodies and pocketed them. By night, Marcos Campos Nogueira, Patrick’s uncle, arrived at the chalet. He waited at the door of the street, both entered talking to the interior of the house and in the hallway he killed him.

Everything seems to indicate that there was a struggle, because the victim had defense wounds on his hand.

Again, the gaps he has recognized have prevented him from telling how he chopped up the bodies and pocketed them. The Civil Guard has a certain idea, also of the object used, but awaits the final forensic reports.

Yes, he confessed that shortly before four o’clock the next morning, on August 18, he decided to take a shower, put on clothes from his uncle Marcos and went to bed. In fact, the sweep of electricity consumption corroborates that between 4 and 6 the consumption was minimal.

Then he got up and left with a backpack with his clothes and the knife, which he threw in a dumpster in Alcalá de Henares.

At no time has Patrick revealed that he intended to remove the bodies from the house, but the investigators believe that it was his goal, since he took the key to the house, but something prevented him from returning.

And he also took his uncle Marcos’ mobile phone, from which he sent a message to the owner of Pioz’s house, rented by the family, to tell him that he was going to delay payment of the monthly payment, thus preventing the owner went to the house in the next few days.

Nobody heard anything

Nobody heard anything, although a neighbor says that he once heard a scream coming from the chalet, but he has not been able to say when. If it was that night, the scream could have come from Patrick’s uncle if he had time to see the bodies of his wife and children.

What was the mobile? Neither the supposed author is clear. He says he is not crazy, according to the investigators, but he has acknowledged that he had an unstoppable desire to kill and could not avoid it.

What was the mobile? Neither the alleged author has it clear With the help of the agents of the Behavior Analysis unit, the Civil Guard describes Patrick as a somewhat narcissistic, solitary person, with very few relations with society.

Patrick “scores high” in psychoticism, but, at the moment, he could not be labeled a psychopath. “For me, I knew clearly what I was doing and what I was going to do,” stressed Commander Reina.

The alleged author, who drank and smoked a lot, has been shown in his statement before the Civil Guard “calm, serene, cooperative and confident.

The Civil Guard has disconnected the victims and the rest of the family members with any criminal activity.

There remain some unknowns that only Patrick can reveal, but for researchers the important thing is that he has recognized the facts. And he arrived in Spain knowing the burden of proof against him.

Raquel Sánchez Silva: “The time has come to take my most crazy facet”

Raquel Sánchez Silva: “The time has come to take my most crazy facet”

The new magazine of La 1 for access prime time has an innovative and street spirit. In the following (which will premiere on October 29, at 22.05 h), Raquel Sánchez Silva and her large team of collaborators want to make the people on foot protagonists and part of the program.

What is Next ?
It is an opportunity to open the television to the people and to allow the protagonists to be in them: the entity that is on the street, in a supermarket, in a gym … and we are going to make them enter a set of TV. We are going to give more importance to people than to ourselves, which downloads a lot.

Does that unpredictable point make you nervous?
A little bit because we’re playing with something uncontrollable, but that’s why it’s Next . Calling us like that, we have become a bit slaves to the need to innovate, we could not come with a program that has already been done. We could not be the same as always (laughs).

You can do this program because people come into the game …
I think we have the wrong idea about people’s willingness to participate. We have already tried many sections and I love the participation of older people, it is the most spontaneous, the funniest, the one that no longer has any embarrassment and they throw themselves in the iron.

People want to participate, but maybe there are no real opportunities to say what they want, because to say what you are looking for is easy, but here for example we are going to make them participate in the interview, because everyone can have something to ask for example to Paco León.

What is your trick in the interviews?
I try to be very, very comfortable. I call it mullidito. That they feel embraced, that they do not feel the interview as an attack. If, when you finish an interview, the interviewee says “I’ve had a great time, I’ve felt comfortable”, then the people who have seen it tell you the same thing, because that is transmitted.

And to coax them?
It is not my goal to draw, when someone wants to tell something, he tells it.

And not all interviews have to have the same tone, right?
The interview is an important part of a program that has it, but you have to think that it has a function, which should be to have a message, the message of the program. In this case, have a good time, do not get upset … like being with a blanket on the sofa. If you want that you have to be consistent with the interviews.

Is everything invented on TV, can you still innovate?
There are things that were done a long time ago, they stopped doing and now they recover. On the other hand, no, everything is not invented. TV is like a chemical formula. It is invented that there is a camera and a presenter, for example, they are two ingredients, but there are no exact formulas. You can mix the ingredients and one day it comes out a bit more salty or a little more bland. In what can be innovated more is in the way of doing it, of telling it.

Any news in What’s next to surprise?
There are many, but one can be the set, which has not been seen yet … because it moves. And you do not know how it moves and the effect it has on camera.

Are you going to allow this format to be a little more hooligan?
The time has come (laughs). Sometimes I could do it in Survivors, because Jorge Javier Vázquez allowed it and it propitiated it and I had a great time, because I am very clown, very rude, very crazy. And I love having a good time and having a good time on TV. Here will be my most crazy faeta.

They will review the lives of the guests based on their Wikipedia, have you looked at yours? Are you searching on Google?
No, I do not, I do not like to see me (laughs). It gives me a little bit of cosics . Sometimes you have to look at it, because Wikipedia is full of flaws. I prefer to think how the program, in the following, the footprint on the internet does not seduce me, I do not look for it.

You are going to replace a program that generated controversy for getting into gardens …
One program replaces another, that always happens. I ask respect for the teams of the programs, because all they want is for their program to go well and work. You have to be respectful with all attempts to make television and when there are relays, there are.

It will be the case of seeing it in the access prime time and then …
And then appear with the pen and the sequin in Masters of Sewing. It will happen. I will give way to myself. Go ahead, Rachel, thank you, Rachel (laughs). Neither do I believe that it will be a disruption in the space of time. The next thing … it will be me too (laughs).

From your beginnings in Teleplasencia to now, what have you learned?
That TV is very nice, I love doing it, but that is not so important. That it is time to play down and not make everything grow and that there is always controversy. You have to live it naturally and enjoy it.

And that did not happen to him at the beginning?
When you start making television you do not enjoy it, because you are too nervous, tight for what might happen, scared by the mistake you can make. Now I’m on another plane, I consider it a magnificent instrument, beautiful and what I do is have fun.

Do the polemics arise because it is the great common element?
The controversies do not come from the television, not even from the social networks, they come from the mass media that provoke them.

Do not you think it could be because they are issues that everyone has seen?
Everyone watches TV, what a few years ago there were those who thought not. But yes, people are still watching TV, the way to see it is what has changed. Yes, it is a point of union and if it is a successful program, the things that happen are discussed. Now you live, live, or live in the dictatorship of the click and sometimes the only way to do it is making noise, but deep down nothing is really that bad.

The judges explode over the mess in the Supreme with the sentence of the mortgages: “The damage is done”

The judges explode over the mess in the Supreme with the sentence of the mortgages: “The damage is done”

“Unusual”. This has been the adjective that the Minister of Defense Margarita Robles used on Tuesday in a television interview to qualify the decision of the President of the Third Chamber of the Supreme Court, Luis María Díez-Picazo, to appeal to the Plenary of the Chamber on the mortgage tax published last Thursday.

Robles, who was working as a magistrate in that same Chamber for 12 years, has assured that she “never” had seen “anything similar”, and that this decision establishes a “shadow of doubt” about the judges who sign this ruling. “I am absolutely critical and can not share the decision at all,” he said.

The truth is that he is not the only person related to the judiciary who has expressed his displeasure at the mess in which the Supreme Court has been involved this week – and which will culminate on November 5 with the final decision on who pays the tax. mortgages, clients or banks.

Raimundo Prado, spokesman for the Judicial Association Francisco de Vitoria (AJFV), emphasizes 20 minutes that the decision to advocate to the House “has to be done before the sentence, not after, and not through an informative note, if not with a jurisdictional resolution. ” Prado confirms that the vast majority of judges consider that Díez-Picazo “has not acted correctly.”

“The note gives a sense of lack of impartiality and legal security.” This document alluded to the “enormous economic and social repercussion” of the sentence, something that the AJFV does not understand either. “The judges do not make the laws, we apply them, the social repercussion does not have to be our problem”, assures his spokesman.

For Prado, the problem lies in the fact that the members of the General Council of the Judiciary – who end up appointing the president of the Supreme Court – are elected by the political groups. “We should be the judges themselves that we chose so that the policy does not engulf the judicial power, Europe has told us,” the magistrate denounces, referring to the report of the Group of States against Corruption of the Council of Europe, which charged against the system Spanish and its mixture of powers.

We can file a complaint against Díez-Picazo

In addition to the judges, political parties of different sign have charged against the Supreme Court. The Popular Party, the most restrained, have demanded on Tuesday in Congress that the court decide “as soon as possible” and in a “definitive” manner the decision on the payment of the tax, as spokeswoman Dolors Montserrat expressed.

Albert Rivera, president of Citizens, has offered the Executive to agree on an arbitration system. “Millions of families have paid a tax that, apparently, does not correspond to them, and that has to have a compensation and a channel to compensate those taxes,” he stressed, as well as criticizing “the bad decision” of the Supreme Court.

The group Unidos Podemos has gone further and has filed a criminal complaint against Díez-Picazo before the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court. According to the party led by Pablo Iglesias, the president of the Litigation Chamber issued the decision ” motivated by an interest totally contrary to the law and the administration of Justice itself, motivated by a clear interest in defending the economic interests of the Spanish bank “, and recalls in the complaint that Díez-Picazo taught at the University College of Financial Studies, under the Spanish Banking Association.

It is not known in what conditions the entanglement generated during these days will end, but for the spokesperson of the AJFV, one thing is clear: “The damage is already done”.