Limit of 30km / h in Madrid in the streets of a lane in each direction
The new Sustainable Mobility Ordinance of the City Council of Madrid enters into force this Wednesday with measures such as the reduction of speed to 30 kilometers per hour on streets with one lane in each direction or a single lane and the regulation of the use of electric scooters , which will not be able to circulate on sidewalks .
This ordinance, which was approved in plenary in October, replaces the previous one in 2005 and regulates “new forms” of urban mobility, “empowers” public versus private transport and “increases pedestrian protection” , especially at people with reduced mobility.
The new text, as explained by the Consistory, also includes the mobility changes foreseen in Plan A, such as the creation of the Central Madrid Low Emissions Zone and the criteria for access to it, as well as the contents of the action protocol for episodes of contamination by nitrogen dioxide.
Specifically, the speed is limited to 30 km / h on single-lane streets by direction or single lane , which account for 85 percent of the total city.
However, in streets that are part of the Basic Transport Network, it can be maintained at 50 km / h. At the same time, on streets with more than one lane in each direction, the speed limit can be lowered to 30 km / h, provided road safety advises it.
In addition, speed is reduced to 20 km / hour in single-platform areas (streets of coexistence). The possibility of declaring ” pedestrian priority zones ” is also created, where the parking of motorcycles on sidewalks will be prohibited .
Who can ride a bicycle on the sidewalks?
The Ordinance incorporates measures to promote bicycle mobility . As a general rule, bicycles must circulate along the roadway – occupying the central part of the lane and permitting the circulation of two cyclists in parallel when there is no risk – and bicycle lanes.
Only children under 12 years old can ride a bicycle on the sidewalks and pedestrian areas , and may be accompanied by an adult on foot . “In any case people over 12 years can travel on sidewalks and pedestrian areas, except on bike pavements in the area marked for this purpose,” says the Consistory.
Where to park if you have a bike or scooter?
It also includes the possibility of turning to the right with a red light whenever it is signposted and circulation in both directions will be allowed in residential streets (those with a speed of 20 km / h or lower) and in the local road network when are “specifically” signed for this purpose.
In addition, the anchorage of bikes, electric scooters and other urban mobility vehicles, fences or other elements of street furniture , except benches and canopies, will be allowed, provided that it does not affect functionality or access to them. In no case, may they be anchored to plant elements.
Motorcycles, mopeds, bicycles and urban mobility vehicles of types A and B ( electric scooters and segways ) will have to park in the reserves destined for these vehicles. If there are not, they can park on the sidewalks provided they leave more than 3 meters of free width . In sidewalks of less than six meters they must do it parallel to the curb. And, if the sidewalk has more than 6 meters, in semibasement or angle next to the curb.
They will also have to keep a minimum distance of two meters from the tactile pavements , and respect the pedestrian spaces next to bus or taxi stops, BiciMAD stations and other reservations.
And the scooters without motor?
Skates and scooters without motor, including skateboards , may circulate on sidewalks and other pedestrian areas at a speed adapted to the pace of people, not exceeding 5 kilometers per hour ; by bike pavements and cycle paths, at a speed not exceeding 10 kilometers per hour; by bike lanes and cycle lanes exclusive for the circulation of bicycles and bike lanes protected or not (in the latter case only older than 16 years or younger accompanied, with helmet and reflective elements).
They can also circulate in parks, for those itineraries in which the circulation of bicycles is allowed, and since these paths are shared with the pedestrian, the speed is limited to 5 km / h. In any case, pedestrians will “always” have priority.
What will happen to the bikes?
Motorcycles and mopeds will not be able to park on the sidewalk when there is a parking belt. This norm will be applied with “immediate” character in Central Madrid, in which throughout the summer the parking lot reservations for motorcycles and mopeds have been “doubled”.
This measure will be progressively extended to the rest of the districts by approval of the Governing Board after the analysis of the parking possibilities for these vehicles and, where appropriate, when parking reservations are enabled.
In addition, the obligation is created to leave 5 meters of free space both on the sidewalk and on the road next to the pedestrian crossings that are enabled or reformed, followed by motorcycle reservations on the road, given that they represent a “lesser visual barrier” than cars and, therefore, greater safety for pedestrians.
People with reduced mobility will have priority to access the reservation of parking spaces for public use (rotary) of municipal ownership, as well as access to the municipal parking of residents managed both by assignment of use, as a medium and long-term subscription .
A new concept: the neighborhood car parks
The ordinance establishes the new figure of Neighborhood Parking Areas ( ZAV ) applicable in neighborhoods with border effect or high intensity of parking, under neighborhood demand and without parking rate or limit for residents .
The creation and delimitation of the ZAV will be carried out at the request of the plenary session of the district in which it is located and, after the studies and timely reports, it may be raised by the Governing Board for approval by the Plenary Session of the Madrid City Council.
On the other hand, within the SER the possibility of creation of Differentiated Areas is foreseen, spaces that due to their characteristics make it advisable to allow parking for a longer time than the general one and require a differentiated regulation. This type of areas can be created in areas of low occupancy near exchangers or public transport stations, as well as in environments close to large health facilities.
In addition, hospitals and other health centers may also request the creation and regulation of parking in health and long-stay areas , thus allowing patients and people accompanying them to park at longer periods and, where appropriate, at different cost to the general BE.
It also establishes that urban mobility vehicles will be able to circulate along cycle paths, cycle lanes, cycle tracks, through the roadway of integrated streets within zones 30, -respecting the priority of the pedestrian- and through the streets where in all its lanes the maximum speed of circulation is equal to or less than 30Km / h as long as the width of the vehicle allows it in safety conditions.
The minimum age allowed to travel with the VMUs will be 15 years. Children under this age may use them in areas closed to traffic when accompanied and under the responsibility of their parents or guardians. Children under 16 years old vehicle users A and B must wear a helmet .
Regarding bicycles that transport people , the maximum number allowed will be five. From that figure on, they will need express municipal authorization.